|Family||Weasel family (Mustelidae)|
|Species Authority||Linnaeurs, 1758|
|Summary||Status: rare (Category III), although it densely populates the Ural River Basin in Russia. This species is represented in Ka-zakstan by 2 slightly different subspecies distributed in the forests of the Ural River Basin and in the forests of northern Kazak-stan, where it is very rare. The known number of martens increased from approximately 120 in 1977 to about 160 in 1978 due to favorable environmental conditions. Basic limiting factors are lack of prey, especially mouse-type rodents, lack of nesting places and poaching. Captive breeding has not been practiced in Kazakstan. Commercial hunting is prohibited. The Kirsan Nature Preserve in western Kazakstan has been established. It is necessary to preserve parts of the forest suitable for its nests, and conditions of captive breeding should be studied. In addition, areas inhabited by martens need to be controlled and population counts should be undertaken.|
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