|Species Authority||Linnaeus, 1758|
|Summary||Status: out of danger (Category V), increasing in numbers. It inhabits steppe and semi-steppe areas of Eurasia and Northern Africa. In Kazakstan 80% of nests are located in dry steppe with occasional vegetation and in clayey semi-deserts. Ploughing in the 1950s and 1960s caused dramatic population reductions, but in the 1980s the population has been restored. The total population in Kazakstan is currently about 50,000 to 60,000 birds, and in the fall this number goes up to about 80,000 to 90,000. Past limiting factors have been mainly agricultural activities. Protection measures for eggs and young birds during agricultural activities should be considered.|
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